MLB

Print Share

3

The truth about replay, finally

Over the years, there have been many arguments for instant replay and many arguments against instant replay. These arguments have been heightened over the past two days following the incident in which a questionable call by umpire Jim Joyce seemingly cost Detroit’s Armando Galarraga a perfect game.

But in all these arguments I’ve heard over the years, not once have I heard the real reason why Major League Baseball is not quick to expand replay to more aspects of the game.

It’s not because there exists a romance or excitement about the possibility of a bad call: if that was the case, why not flip a coin to determine every bang-bang play? It’s not because it unnecessarily lengthens the time of game: if baseball wanted to shorten the length of the games, there are other places to cut time. It’s not because the physical implementation of a replay system is too costly or too complicated: all ballparks have the cameras in position for instant replay already.

The fact of the matter is that, for better or for worse, the rules of baseball have evolved over time. Right now, we live in an era where these evolutions come as no surprise to those who are involved with baseball on a regular basis but can be confusing to the “casual fan” because they’re not written down anywhere. There are simply way too many of these rules for me to list them all (I’m sure that you can come up with one that I don’t mention), but I’ll go through two of the main ones.

The so-called “neighborhood play” is when the middle infielder fails to touch second base on the double play pivot but the runner is called out anyway. It happens so quickly that it’s tough to see but here are two possible examples: Tigers, Reds. This happens because runners are encouraged to slide hard into the defender in an effort to break up the double play like Lastings Milledge does here. The rulebook says that such action is technically illegal, but the rulebook also says that the runner has the right to slide into his base. So how can you prove that the runner’s intent: did he slide to try to reach his base? Or did he slide to take out the defender? Most of the time, you can not prove the runner’s intent and so the umpires let it go. Therefore, some amount of leeway is granted to the defenders too; umpires are willing to look the other way if infielders don’t exactly touch second base while attempting to avoid a sliding runner. (For the record, umpires are consistent with not looking the other way when the defender fails to hold the bag because of an errant throw.)

Take away the neighborhood play and this tasks the umpires with the impossibility of getting inside the runners’ heads to determine intent. Technically speaking, every runner that doesn’t peel out of the basepaths on an attempted double play could be called for interference. The best case scenario here is that umpires start arbitrarily calling runners for interference. The worst case scenario is that every runner is ruled to have interfered with the play.

Another example is the tag play on the bases. Too often, the ball beats the runner to the base and he is called out. In fact, you might be surprised to see how often umpires don’t care about exactly when the tag is applied because the runner looks so obviously out. In the next two examples, slow down the footage to notice that the runner isn’t as clearly out as he appears to be: PierzynskiHelton.

The consequences of changing this can be drastic. Remember how easy it was to steal bases in little league? If umpires are forced to call safe and out on the bases exactly according to the rulebook, Major League Baseball could turn into a similar circus. The average baserunners would become great ones and the elite base stealers would be literally unstoppable — at least until people figure out what’s going on. So in this scenario, one of two things would happen: either baseball admits their dirty little secret to all of the teams and is upfront by saying “listen, we know we’ve been ignoring some rules but that’s not going to happen anymore” or games will be determined by which team has figured out the new pattern first, not by which team is the better team. The former seems unlikely and the latter doesn’t seem very fair.

The bottom line is that umpires today are so good that they get most of the calls right. In fact, almost all of the “mistakes” aren’t mistakes at all; they’re by design. Therefore, according to the way the game is played today, adding instant replay would actually increase — not decrease — the number of blown calls.

“Why don’t the umpires call the game as written in the rules, anyway?” you might ask. That’s a valid question and a reasonable discussion for perhaps a later time. But that’s not my reason for this post. I want people who are in favor of instant replay to have a proper understanding of how that could change the game.

About the Author Subscribe to author's RSS feed
Written by


Tags , ,

3 Comments

In response to “The truth about replay, finally”


  1. Sam Diament Jun 5 201011:45 pm

    Reply

    I’m curious about your thoughts from umpires who have said they would welcome instant replay. Do you think they are just putting on a show because they know MLB would never adopt it? A little bit of face time and recognition for saying they want the game to be judged as correctly as possible so that fans commend them?

    Also, I completely understand and agree with everything you have said. However, is this assuming that instant replay is adopted for every close play? And would that matter either way? If, say, MLB adopted a sort of challenge system like the NFL, and there was a tag play at a base in which the umpire called the runner out because the throw got there in time, could the umpires overturn the call, say, “yeah, we missed that one,” and then proceed to call the game the way they always do (i.e. the manager has no more challenges)? That might be unfair, anyway, and put umpires under too much scrutiny.

    1. Sam Diament Jun 5 201011:46 pm

      Reply

      “The throw got there in time” seems vague to me. I meant that the throw beats the runner to the base.

  2. Eddie Kim Jun 6 20103:38 am

    Reply

    It’s not fair to compare instant replay in baseball to instant replay in any other sports for the reasons I have mentioned, which you have said you agreed with. In the NFL, instant replay fixes mistakes. In baseball, it would do so much more.

    For that reason, a limited replay format in baseball (such as NFL’s current system) only complicates the matter further. At least under the current system, some rules are ignored but that is the case all the time. In essence, limited replay would mean some plays are played under the evolved rules and some under the letter of the law. If this isn’t ridiculous enough, which version of the rules will apply would be determined after the play has occurred.

    Besides, in football, there is an additional penalty for getting the challenge wrong: the coach is forced to “pay back” the wasted time by being charged a timeout. NFL has been the guinea pig for instant replay and they’ve (and we’ve) learned a few things: limiting the number of total challenges isn’t favorable but a penalty for a wrong challenge is necessary. (This is evident in the change that NFL adopted to allow a third challenge if the first two are correct.) Timeouts in baseball don’t work the same way as timeouts in football, so this can be tricky.

    As far as the comments of the umpires are concerned, it’s not fair to say that umpires know that replay will never be expanded in baseball; it’s been a topic of discussion recently. But I’m not so sure that the umpires are overwhelmingly in favor of replay. I’ve heard comments from Tim McClelland and Bruce Froemming after Joyce’s blown call, but that sounds more like the blue wall rather than an honest opinion to me.

    I think the real reason why so many people in baseball say that they want to see more instant replay is because they are either unwilling to admit to others that unwritten rules exist or they are unwilling to admit to themselves (i.e. realize) how often these unwritten rules come into play.

    Right now, my primary concern is baseball will jump into replay without a clear understanding of how the game would change. If all of the aspects that I talked about are specifically addressed as replay is expanded, I’m not necessarily opposed to any amount or system of replay.

Add Your Comment

<ul><li><strong>woowoo_bottom_adsense1</strong> - advertisement<br />
<img src=\"http://prosportsblogging.com/ads/psb-leaderboard-728x90.gif\" width=\"728\" height=\"90\" border=\"0\" alt=\"ProSportsBlogging.com\" title=\"ProSportsBlogging.com\"></li><li><strong>woo_ads_rotate</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_ad_250_adsense</strong> - blah blah blah</li><li><strong>woo_ad_250_image</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com/ads/woothemes-250x250.gif</li><li><strong>woo_ad_250_url</strong> - http://www.woothemes.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_content_adsense</strong> - <script type=\"text/javascript\"><!--
google_ad_client = \"pub-7891226765075647\";
/* 468x60 center content */
google_ad_slot = \"1193748472\";
google_ad_width = 468;
google_ad_height = 60;
//-->
</script>
<script type=\"text/javascript\"
src=\"http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js\">
</script></li><li><strong>woo_ad_content_disable</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_ad_content_image</strong> - http://www.prosportsblogging.com/ads/psb-468x60.png</li><li><strong>woo_ad_content_url</strong> - http://www.prosportsblogging.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_1</strong> - http://www.prosportsblogging.com/ads/sponsors/hotheadtees_125_banner.jpg</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_2</strong> - http://www.prosportsblogging.com/ads/psb-125x125-2.gif</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_3</strong> - http://www.prosportsblogging.com/ads/psb-125x125-3.gif</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_4</strong> - http://prosportsblogging.com/ads/sponsors/leesportscapping-125x125.png</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_5</strong> - http://www.prosportsblogging.com/ads/psb-125x125-1.gif</li><li><strong>woo_ad_image_6</strong> - http://www.prosportsblogging.com/ads/psb-125x125-2.gif</li><li><strong>woo_ad_top_adsense</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_ad_top_disable</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_ad_top_image</strong> - http://prosportsblogging.com/ads/lmci-banner-250x130.png</li><li><strong>woo_ad_top_url</strong> - http://www.liamsci.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_1</strong> - http://www.hotheadtees.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_2</strong> - http://www.prosportsblogging.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_3</strong> - http://www.prosportsblogging.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_4</strong> - http://leesportscapping.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_5</strong> - http://www.prosportsblogging.com</li><li><strong>woo_ad_url_6</strong> - http://www.prosportsblogging.com</li><li><strong>woo_alt_stylesheet</strong> - default.css</li><li><strong>woo_auto_img</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_blank_adsense1</strong> - <div style=\"padding-left:17px;\"><iframe id=\"yb_widget_14868\" frameBorder=\"0\" scrolling=no style=\"width: 300px; height: 504px; border: 0px;\" src=\"http://www.yardbarker.com/widget/ybn/14868\"></iframe></div></li><li><strong>woo_bottom_adsense1</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_cat_ex</strong> - 1,10,2677,3196,5597</li><li><strong>woo_clear_adsense1</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_clear_adsense1_title</strong> - SPONSORS</li><li><strong>woo_clear_adsense2_1</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_clear_adsense2_2</strong> - <p align=\"center\">
<a href=\"http://leesportscapping.com\" target=\"_blank\"><img src=\"http://prosportsblogging.com/ads/sponsors/leesportscapping-125x125.png\" width=\"125\" height=\"125\" alt=\"Lee Sports Capping\" border=\"0\"></a>
</p></li><li><strong>woo_clear_adsense2_title</strong> - SPONSORS</li><li><strong>woo_comment_posts</strong> - 5</li><li><strong>woo_content</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_content_archives</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_content_feat</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_custom_favicon</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_exclude_cats_from_url</strong> - more</li><li><strong>woo_fbinterval</strong> - 5000</li><li><strong>woo_featured_cat_id</strong> - 15126</li><li><strong>woo_featured_posts</strong> - 5</li><li><strong>woo_feedburner_id</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_feedburner_url</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_google_analytics</strong> - <script type=\"text/javascript\">
var gaJsHost = ((\"https:\" == document.location.protocol) ? \"https://ssl.\" : \"http://www.\");
document.write(unescape(\"%3Cscript src=\'\" + gaJsHost + \"google-analytics.com/ga.js\' type=\'text/javascript\'%3E%3C/script%3E\"));
</script>
<script src=\"http://network.yardbarker.com/network/ybn_pixel/7961\" type=\"text/javascript\"></script> <noscript></noscript>
<script type=\"text/javascript\">
try {
var pageTracker = _gat._getTracker(\"UA-2671612-3\");
pageTracker._trackPageview();
} catch(err) {}</script></li><li><strong>woo_gray_adsense</strong> - lorem ipsum...</li><li><strong>woo_gray_adsense1</strong> - <span style=\"padding-left:40px;\"><a href=\"http://yourbestpick.com\" target=\"_blank\"><img src=\"http://www.prosportsblogging.com/ads/sponsors/banner-yourbestpick-220x125.jpg\" width=\"220\" height=\"125\" border=\"0\"></a></span></li><li><strong>woo_gray_adsense2</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_home_arc</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_home_link</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_home_link_desc</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_home_link_text</strong> - Home</li><li><strong>woo_home_thumb_height</strong> - 30</li><li><strong>woo_home_thumb_width</strong> - 30</li><li><strong>woo_image_height</strong> - 250</li><li><strong>woo_image_single</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_image_width</strong> - 280</li><li><strong>woo_logo</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_manual</strong> - http://www.onvi.com/</li><li><strong>woo_popular_posts</strong> - 5</li><li><strong>woo_resize</strong> - true</li><li><strong>woo_shortname</strong> - woo</li><li><strong>woo_single_height</strong> - 250</li><li><strong>woo_single_width</strong> - 250</li><li><strong>woo_tabs</strong> - false</li><li><strong>woo_themename</strong> - PSB</li><li><strong>woo_thumb_height</strong> - 88</li><li><strong>woo_thumb_width</strong> - 88</li><li><strong>woo_twitter</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_video_category</strong> - Select a category:</li><li><strong>woo_white_adsense</strong> - lorem ipsum 2...</li><li><strong>woo_white_adsense1</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_white_adsense2</strong> - </li><li><strong>woo_white_adsense3</strong> - <object id=\"swfclipP88172\" width=\"301\" height=\"372\" type=\"application/x-shockwave-flash\" data=\"http://player.grabnetworks.com/swf/cube.swf?a=P88172&m=1612606\"><param name=\"movie\" value=\"http://player.grabnetworks.com/swf/cube.swf?a=P88172&m=1612606\"/><param name=\"allowScriptAccess\" value=\"always\"/><param name=\"base\" value=\".\" /><param name=\"wmode\" value=\"transparent\"/><param name=\"allowfullscreen\" value=\"true\"/></object></li><li><strong>woo_white_adsense4</strong> - <object id=\"swfclipP88172\" width=\"301\" height=\"501\" type=\"application/x-shockwave-flash\" data=\"http://player.grabnetworks.com/swf/cube.swf?a=P88172&m=1511621\"><param name=\"movie\" value=\"http://player.grabnetworks.com/swf/cube.swf?a=P88172&m=1511621\"/><param name=\"allowScriptAccess\" value=\"always\"/><param name=\"base\" value=\".\" /><param name=\"wmode\" value=\"transparent\"/><param name=\"allowfullscreen\" value=\"true\"/></object></li><li><strong>woo_white_adsense5</strong> - <object id=\"swfclipP88172\" width=\"301\" height=\"501\" type=\"application/x-shockwave-flash\" data=\"http://player.grabnetworks.com/swf/cube.swf?a=P88172&m=1511621\"><param name=\"movie\" value=\"http://player.grabnetworks.com/swf/cube.swf?a=P88172&m=1511621\"/><param name=\"allowScriptAccess\" value=\"always\"/><param name=\"base\" value=\".\" /><param name=\"wmode\" value=\"transparent\"/><param name=\"allowfullscreen\" value=\"true\"/></object></li></ul>